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See Fossils and So Much More!!
Online Resources for K-12 Students and Educators from the Advancing Digitization of Biodiversity Collection (ADBC) program.
*Apps & Websites
Concepts covered in Level 2:
*Life is very diverse and has always been.
* Thirty million species of animals, plants, and organisms on Earth.
*Large part of this diversity made up of land plants, fungi, and protists.
*Picture sizes represent the size of group diversity.
*Diversity of life the result of evolution.
*History of Earth traced back 4.6 billion years.
*Fossils provide evidence of evolution and how life forms are related.
*Shared features and common ancestry through cladograms.
*Variation essential to evolution using Darwin’s finches and concepts.
*Only a small % of species survive.
*All things are related through common ancestry. Life continues to change resulting in the biodiversity we see today.
Getting into the Fossil Record -An Introduction
Level 2- Grades 9-12
During this module students will learn:
- what a fossil and the fossil record are.
- how organisms become fossils.
- the factors that promote fossilization.
- the forces that can destroy or hide fossils.
- how paleontologists find fossils.
- why not all organisms will become part of the fossil record.
Stories From the Fossil Record
Stories From The Fossil Record (Grades 5-9) has 4 stories: Biodiversity, Paleoecology, Past Lives, and Geologic Time (On the Timelines/ Activities page).
Prerequisites to these lessons are the knowledge of what a fossil is and how fossils are formed.
In the Biodiversity story, students will learn that:
- fossils help us understand how biodiversity has changed through time.
- fossils help us understand how organisms are related.
- most organisms that lived in the past are now extinct.
- fossils provide evidence of mass extinctions.
- the extinction of one species can affect other organisms.
- recognizing changes in past biodiversity can give us clues about how biodiversity is changing today.
In the Paleoecology story, students will learn that:
- Fossils provide clues about both abiotic and biotic factors of past ecosystems.
- fossils provide evidence about the changes in climate and temperature of past ecosystems.
- fossils can give us clues about how organisms interacted with one another.
In the Past Lives story, students will learn that:
- some fossils can tell us about ages of individual organisms.
- fossils can provide evidence about individual, family, and social behavior of organisms.
- fossils can show how some features evolved and how the functions of these features have changed.
Grades 9-12-Teacher’s Lounge- Understanding How Science Really Works
Ideas to Assist Teachers
See College Levels Here:
K-Pg Extinction Event Resources:
Visit: The Lunar and Planetary Institute for links to an understanding of impact cratering processes
and the K-Pg Boundary (formerly known as the K-T Boundary).
The Lunar and Planetary Institute Resources :
*Video Resources and Simulations
*Lab Exercises in Impact cratering and ejecta processes
*Posters of Environmental Effects of Impact Cratering
*Atlases of Earth’s Impact Craters seen from space-
Google Earth and Space Station and Shuttle images
*Dinosaur Cut-outs of Triceratops and Pterosaur
*Guidebook to the Geology of Meteor Crater in Arizona
*Animations of Impact Blast Zone
*”Traces of Catastrophe” Shock-Metamorphic Effects of Impact
A link to many pages of good “archeological”/ paleontological activities.
A)Human Evolution Lesson Plans http://humanorigins.si.edu/education/lesson-plans Grades 9-12
College Level plans are also available on this link.
B)Smithsonian’s Teaching Evolution through Human Examples
http://humanorigins.si.edu/education/teaching-evolution-through-human-examples – Overview.docx used with the Dropbox app
1) Adaptation of Altitude
3) Evolution of Human Skin Color
4) What Does It Mean to be Human?
Each Curriculum unit comes with 4-5 lessons taught over a 5-9 day period depending on the use of the Full or Condensed versions and other optional steps included. Teacher and student materials and a Powerpoint file come with each unit.
C) Human Evolution Evidence http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence on this Smithsonian site is extensive from human fossils, evidence of human behavior, genetics, dating processes that “age” the fossils, and interactive timelines and our family tree.
D) “Surprise! A New Hominin Fossil Changes … Almost Nothing!”
A lesson for middle school or high school that explains the discovery of Australopithecus gardi (means “surprise”) using evolutionary tree and cladistics.