Paleoanthropology is the scientific study of human evolution. A subfield of antropology, paleoanthropology is the study of the evolution of human biology, culture, and society .
Visit the Smithsonian’s “Human Origins” website what each ancient human might have looked like. http://humanorigins.si.edu/exhibit/reconstructions-early-humans
Hominins refer to early humans that originated in the Cradle of Humankind ( known previously as the Cradle of Civilization) on the continent of Africa about 50 km northwest of Johannesburg, South Africa
Subtribe Australopithecina– in chronological order
Genus Sahelanthropus tchadensis
Genus Orrorin tugenensis
Australopithecus afarensis “Lucy”
Genus Kenyanthropus platyops
Subtribe Hominina – in chronological order
Homo sapiens idaltu
Homo sapiens (Cro-Magnon)
Homo sapiens sapiens (Modern man)
Homo floresiensis “Hobbit”
Homo luzonensis <placement unsure>
* Denisovans began as Homo erectus that migrated out of Africa to the Altai Mountains in the Denisova Cave of Siberia. Occupation in this Russian cave, based on artifacts found, began during the Middle Pleistocene. It is assumed that Denisovans lived concurrently with Neanderthals at some point in time since there is DNA evidence of a young girl “Denny” who had a Denisovan father and Neanderthal mother. Possible names given to the Denisovan fossils are still being debated:
Homo denisova, Homo altaiensis, and Homo sapiens denisova.
Placement in Chronology not clear yet for this author.
* References for Hominoidea classification:
1)Larsen, Clark Spencer (ed) 2010. A companion to biological anthropology. Blackwell. Chapter 3 (Bernard A. Wood) Systematics, taxonomy & phylogenetics, 56–73. ISBN 978-1405189002
2)Stanford, Craig; Allen, John S. & Anton, Susan C. 2011. Biological anthropology. Pearson. ISBN 978-0205150687